A cataract is a clouding of the crystalline lens inside of your eye; this lens is about the same size as an aspirin tablet. It is positioned just in back of the iris (colored part of the eye). The doctor sees through your cataractous lens just like you see out of it. Some people say that it is like looking through smoke, or waxed paper.
A cataract is not a "film" that grows over the eye. Cataracts are usually caused by the aging process but can also be caused by eye trauma, heredity, diabetes, and even some medications. Cataracts cause blurred or fuzzy vision and sensitivity to light. Cataracts formations occur at different rates and can affect one or both of your eyes.
Cataracts are very easily taken care of by an out-patient surgical procedure when you are ready. Cataracts do not have to be "ripe" to have them removed. Cataracts surgery should be thought about when you are not able to do something that you use to do and liked to do. Everyone's visual needs are different. A person with fine visual requirements, such as an accountant or draftsperson, may require cataract extraction before someone with less demanding vision needs. Modern methods of cataract surgery can improve vision over 95% of the time. Surgery takes about 20 minutes using an ultrasonic method, not laser which is a common misunderstanding. Final glasses prescription will be given in about 3-4 weeks.
Sometimes glasses can improve vision enough to postpone surgery, but often a change of glasses prescription will make no difference at all. No vitamin or change in diet will change or erase cataract formations.
When you are ready we will be happy to discuss the benefits and risks of cataract surgery. We will also discuss your options and visual outcome you should expect.